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“environmental Stewardship: Sustainability And Environmental Science Degrees In The United States”

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Erlantz Allur Erlantz Allur Scilit Preprints.org Google Scholar 1, Iñaki Heras-Saizarbitoria Iñaki Heras-Saizarbitoria Scilit Preprints.org Google Scholar 1, * , Olivier Boiral Olivier Boiral Scilit Preprints.org Google Scholar 2 and Francesco Testa Francesco Testa Scilit Preprints. org Google Scholar 3

Department of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, 48940 Leioa, Spain

Edx Professional Certificate In Environmental Management For Sustainability

Received: 30 October 2018 / Revised: 17 November 2018 / Accepted: 18 November 2018 / Published: 21 November 2018

This article presents a conceptual and empirical review of the literature related to the connection between different perspectives, models and tools related to quality management and environmental management. Several academic works identified in the literature that aimed to identify conceptual similarities between QM and EM are reviewed and discussed. In general, the literature suggests that mainstream quality practices and programs related to the quality management paradigm, such as ISO 9001 and total quality management, facilitate the adoption of environmental practices related to corporate environmental management. However, there is evidence of certain limitations driven by various biases, whether recognized or not in the reviewed publications. The focus on some research avenues focused on very detailed aspects of the QM-EM link is discussed. Conversely, lineages that have been overlooked and need more research have also been identified. Implications for scholars, such as suggestions for further research, are included as a contribution to the article.

The main scientific and practical literature emphasizes that management principles, models and practices contribute to the achievement of sustainable development. Specifically, the impact of adopting management practices related to the quality management (QM) paradigm, such as business excellence models (e.g. the EFQM self-assessment model or the Deming Award model) or metastandards (e.g. ISO 9001). )—and their potential positive impact on improving corporate environmental management (EM) and on sustainability (e.g. improving corporate environmental performance) has been identified in the literature.

Nevertheless, the positive win-win relationship between QM (approach and practices), EM and sustainability is not automatic, and scientific findings regarding this relationship need to be reviewed. As argued by Zhu and Sarkis [1] in 2004, there has been very little systematic research on the link between QM and EM. Recently, Pereira-Moliner et al. [2] and Chugani et al. [3] noted that little attention has been paid to the potential impact of QM on EM. To the best of our knowledge, there has been no prior literature review of empirical works analyzing the impact of quality management practices on EM. Previous research has focused on the effect of quality management practices on resource efficiency to highlight how the quality management paradigm could generate benefits at an economic and environmental level. However, research has not explored the complex relationship between QM and EM. For example, Chugani et al. [3] recently reviewed 70 academic articles (of which 45 were based on empirical studies) to analyze the environmental (green) impact of various quality management practices such as lean manufacturing, lean six sigma and six sigma. In their review, these authors demonstrated that both lean manufacturing and six sigma can be considered effective methods for improving the ecological performance (e.g. supporting resource conservation, fighting global warming and saving energy) of an organization (Chugani et al. , 2017). [3]. Similarly, Garza-Reyes [4] reviewed 59 articles and conference presentations related to lean and green published between 1997 and 2015. This author found that the concepts of lean and green can effectively work together. In a similar vein, we could mention other literature reviews that have analyzed the link between QM-related ideas and/or tools and their impact on environmental aspects – some covering environmental issues more broadly (e.g. sustainability or greening of businesses) and others , which are more specific (e.g. ISO 14001, Life Cycle Assessment or Ecodesign) (see below). Finally, Aquilani et al. [5] reviewed the sophisticated relationship between sustainability, value co-creation, TQM, EM and integrated management systems.

Environmental Management & Sustainability

In light of this gap in the literature and a call for papers for the ‘Quality Management and Sustainable Development’ special issue of sustainability, this article reviews the conceptual and empirical literature related to the connection between different perspectives, models and tools related to quality management and EM. The rest of the paper is organized as follows. First, a review of the conceptual literature on the relationship between QM and EM is summarized. Second, an empirical literature review is described along with the methodology used for this purpose. Finally, a discussion and conclusion are presented, highlighting the main contributions, practical implications, and opportunities for future research.

There are several works in the academic literature that attempt to identify the conceptual similarities between QM and EM. The purpose of this short section is not a systematic review of these works, but rather a general descriptive and exploratory introduction due to the current scattered state of the literature.

When analyzing the theoretical and conceptual literature focusing on the relationship between QM and EM, the influence of some contributions from quality experts should be noted (e.g. [6]). Taguchi’s definition of quality as the minimum loss caused to society during the life of a product is often referred to [7]. Heras-Saizarbitoria et al. [8] rely on this definition in the QM paradigm to coin new concepts such as social and environmental quality, by which they mean the inclusion in the field of business management of the trend of minimizing the negative social and environmental impacts of the organization’s activities. In proposing this term, these authors also refer to Ishikawa’s definition of optimal quality, understood as the intersection of programmed or designed quality, achieved quality, quality demanded by customers and society as a whole (see Figure 1).

Although there are many definitions of QM, one of the most common defines it as a philosophy of principles, practices and tools [9]. QM includes core principles such as continuous improvement and customer focus. Moreover, the concern or consideration of sustainability can be seen by customers as a requirement in two different ways: first, as environmental sustainability becomes an explicit need; second, because some academics in the field of QM, such as Garvare and Johansson [10], argue that society is an actor or customer per se.

Executive Summary On The Environment

According to Pereira-Moliner et al. [2] and de Sousa Jabbour et al. [11] argued that quality management practices aim to improve the efficiency of organizational processes in order to eliminate errors. Specific practices such as “zero defects” are very closely related to the goal of “zero waste” of EM-based systems. Efforts to eliminate pollution and waste through EM can follow the same basic principles used in QM, since both practices have a similar focus: more efficient use of inputs. Because of this and other similarities, organizations that have adopted quality management practices can foster and develop a set of skills that facilitate the adoption of EM practices [2]. Nevertheless, as pointed out by Molina-Azorín et al. [12], the QM and EM perspectives also differ in a number of (content) aspects. For example, although both systems aim to meet the needs of customers and other stakeholders such as shareholders, suppliers and employees, EM is a broader approach. EM is also focused on other stakeholders beyond the usual ones for QM, such as public administration, NGOs, local community and general public, among many others [12].

Among the works that focus on specific perspectives, approaches or tools related to the QM paradigm, there are many that discuss the possible theoretical contribution of TQM to sustainability (e.g. [13, 14, 15, 16]). However, there is no paper that examines the theoretical implications of the main frameworks for the development and adoption of principles

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