- How To Know What Type Of Diabetes You Have
- Facts About Diabetes You Didn’t Know (but Should!)
How To Know What Type Of Diabetes You Have – You need a blood sugar test to find out if you have prediabetes or type 1, type 2, or gestational diabetes. The test is simple and results are usually available quickly.
Your doctor will do one or more of these blood tests to confirm the diagnosis:
How To Know What Type Of Diabetes You Have
The A1C test measures your average blood sugar level over the past 2 or 3 months. An A1C below 5.7% is normal, between 5.7% and 6.4% you have diabetes, and 6.5% or higher indicates you have diabetes.
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It measures your blood sugar after an overnight fast (without eating). A fasting blood sugar level of 99 mg/dL or less is normal, 100 to 125 mg/dL indicates you have diabetes, and 126 mg/dL or higher.
It measures your blood sugar before and after you drink a liquid containing glucose. Before the test, you will fast (not eat) overnight and have your blood drawn to determine your fasting blood sugar level. You will then drink fluids and check your sugar levels after 1, 2 and possibly 3 hours. After 2 hours, a blood sugar level of 140 mg/dL or less is considered normal, 140 to 199 mg/dL indicates you have diabetes, and 200 mg/dL or more indicates you have diabetes.
It measures your blood sugar at the time of the test. You can take this test at any time without fasting (not eating). A blood sugar level of 200 mg/dL or higher indicates that you have diabetes.
* Gestational diabetes outcomes may vary. If you are tested for gestational diabetes, ask your healthcare provider what your results mean. Source: American Diabetes Association
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If your doctor thinks you have type 1 diabetes, your blood may also be tested for autoantibodies (substances that attack your own body), which often cause type 1 diabetes. found in but not in the middle of type 2 diabetes. You can test for ketones (when your body burns fat for energy) in your urine, which also indicates that you have type 1 diabetes rather than type 2 diabetes.
Gestational diabetes is diagnosed with a blood test. You can be tested between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy. If you are at high risk for gestational diabetes (due to high risk factors), your doctor may test you first. High blood sugar levels during early pregnancy may indicate that you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes rather than gestational diabetes.
It measures your blood sugar at the time of the test. You will drink a liquid containing glucose, and after 1 hour your blood will be drawn to check your blood sugar level. A normal result is 140 mg/dL or less. If your level is over 140 mg/dL, you need a glucose tolerance test.
It measures your blood sugar before and after you drink a liquid containing glucose. Before the test, you will fast (not eat) overnight and have your blood drawn to determine your fasting blood sugar level. You will then drink fluids and check your sugar levels after 1, 2 and possibly 3 hours. The results may vary depending on how much glucose you drink and how often your blood sugar is tested. Ask your doctor what your test results mean.
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If your test results show you have prediabetes, ask your doctor or nurse if your community has access to lifestyle change programs led by the National Diabetes Prevention Program. You can also find courses online or in person. Having prediabetes puts you at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes, but joining this program can reduce your risk by 58% (or 71% if you’re over 60). .
If your test results show you have type 1, type 2, or gestational diabetes, talk to your doctor or nurse about a comprehensive treatment plan (including diabetes self-management education and support services) and things you can do to stay healthy . Preventing diabetes means taking early action and knowing the signs to look for before diabetes becomes a serious problem.
“Diabetes interferes with your body’s use of insulin,” says Tina Canada, a certified diabetes educator at OSF Healthcare.
Food is broken down into sugar and released into the bloodstream, signaling the pancreas to release insulin. There are two types of diabetes, those who do not produce enough insulin, called type 1, and those whose body does not respond to insulin as it should, called type 2. Both types release excess sugar into the blood.
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In fact, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), one in five people with diabetes don’t know they have it.
Frequent urination is one of the main symptoms of diabetes. When there is too much sugar in the blood, your kidneys are forced to work harder to get rid of the extra sugar. The kidneys produce more urine to remove excess sugar from the body. Therefore, the frequent need to go to the bathroom can be an early sign of diabetes.
Dry mouth and excessive thirst and frequent urination. You may be thinking, “It’s hot” or “I didn’t drink enough water today.” This is a normal part of life. But if you’re constantly thirsty or need to urinate frequently, it could be your body’s way of telling you that you’re not producing enough insulin.
Balancing your skin’s moisture can be difficult when you have diabetes. If you notice dry skin, especially on your feet, be on the lookout for other signs of diabetes.
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High blood sugar in diabetics can interfere with the body’s ability to heal wounds. This can be very dangerous if you have undiagnosed diabetes, which can cause nerve damage. Because the nerves are damaged, it can be hard to feel when cuts, scrapes, or blisters appear on the affected body part. Because it’s hard to tell when you’re in pain, you’re more likely to have an infection.
Some people have problems with their vision, so they visit an eye doctor. After an eye exam, they discovered that it was not an eye problem. Blurred vision, loss of vision, or seeing dark spots can indicate diabetes.
Sudden weight loss, especially when you’re not trying to lose weight, is usually a sign that something is wrong. It can be nothing, but it can be an early sign of diabetes.
Although many men and women have the same symptoms (as listed above), some symptoms may differ between men and women.
What You Need To Know
Women with diabetes are more likely to develop yeast infections and urinary tract infections. Women with PCOS are also more likely to develop diabetes.
Knowing your diabetes risk can help you stay healthy. Doctors encourage anyone who falls into the high-risk category to test their blood sugar before showing symptoms of diabetes. Catching it is starting to pay off.
Prediabetes often precedes the diagnosis of diabetes. If you can catch diabetes at this stage, it is easier to delay or prevent it altogether.
If you think you have diabetes, it’s best to visit your doctor’s office to have your blood tested.
Know Your Numbers & Targets
Always pay attention to your health. If you are at higher risk for diabetes, check your blood sugar levels with your healthcare provider once or twice a year.
“Increasing physical activity to 150 minutes per week is one way to stay healthy and prevent or manage diabetes,” says Tina.
This equates to 30 minutes of activity 5 days a week. Additionally, if you are above your ideal weight, losing 5-7 percent of your body weight can help.
Choosing the right food choices can help reduce the likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes. It is important to start a good diet before diabetes progresses.
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Leafy, dark green vegetables contain fiber, antioxidants, minerals, vitamins A, C and K, and potassium. Brussels sprouts, cabbage, kale, spinach and cabbage are great vegetables to add to your diet.
Try lean meat such as chicken breast, lean turkey, salmon, sirloin, pork, cod, tilapia, halibut, shrimp, crab, lobster and mussels.
Swap processed snacks like potato chips and white crackers for wheat crackers and popcorn. Skip white bread and bagels and opt for whole grains. Try brown rice and quinoa as a healthy alternative to white rice and pasta. Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes are not the same disease. Learn the difference between the two and how each affects the body.
High blood sugar in diabetics can be caused by a lack of insulin or the body’s inability to respond to insulin. Gwen Shockey / Global
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High blood sugar is a problem in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Failure to control blood sugar can lead to symptoms and complications of both types of diabetes. But type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes are two different diseases in many ways. According to the latest estimates (2014) from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC),
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