What Do You Need For Cdl License – A CDL can have 3 license classifications; Class A, B, or C. Each classification allows you to drive certain types of commercial motor vehicles (CMVs). An endorsement is required if, for example, you want to transport certain goods (such as hazardous materials), drive combination vehicles or transport passengers.
In this article, we’ll look at the difference between Class A, B, and C, as well as how to obtain each license.
What Do You Need For Cdl License
A Class A license entitles the holder to drive any combination of vehicles weighing at least 26,000 pounds, provided the towed vehicle has a GVWR of at least 10,000 pounds.
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If you drive a commercial vehicle with a trailer or semi-trailer with two or more axles, you will need a Class A CDL.
Congratulations on passing the above exams! You will now have a Class A Commercial Driver’s License. However, keep in mind that depending on the type of vehicle you drive, you may need to pass additional endorsement exams such as a double or triple endorsement exam or an air brake exam.
For example; If your vehicle uses air brakes, you must pass an air brake endorsement test before driving it. Likewise, you must pass a double-triple endorsement exam to drive double and triple trailers.
A Class B CDL allows the holder to drive any vehicle with a GVWR of more than 26,000 pounds, as long as any towed vehicle has a GVWR of less than 10,000 pounds. Most of the weight is in the front car.
Commercial Driver Licenses
Since the Class B CDL is primarily for one vehicle, there is no need to obtain endorsements for a combination vehicle or double triple trailer.
However, most Class B vehicles use air brakes for heavy duty performance, so you will need to obtain an air brake endorsement in addition to the Class B endorsements offered.
Class C is the last license class of the CDL and it includes the rest ie. Does not apply to class A and B. Given that the towed vehicle has a GVWR of less than 10,000 pounds, it entitles the owner to drive one vehicle with a GVWR of less than 26,000 pounds. This license class is also used for vehicles carrying 16 or more people (school buses, passenger vans, etc.) or for transporting hazardous materials (hazmats).
The process for obtaining a Class C CDL and determining which endorsements are required will vary depending on the type of vehicle you drive. For example, a school bus is very different from a truck transporting hazardous materials and requires different approvals.
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Endorsements authorize the operation of various types of vehicles. With just a CDL, you are limited to operating vehicles in your license class and do not require any additional endorsements. You need to have certain endorsements to drive more types of vehicles and transport different types of cargo.
You can assume your CDL has a number of restrictions from the start. For each endorsement you earn, you remove a specific restriction (for example, driving with air brakes, transporting hazardous materials, or driving a tank). All endorsements require the CDL holder to pass a special knowledge test. Most endorsements also require a special road skills test.
In this section, we’ll go over the different CDL endorsements, including what is required and what you need to do to get them. To obtain an H, P, or S endorsement, you must complete training from an FMCSA-approved theory provider.
A T endorsement is required to tow two or three trailers. For this approval you must pass a written knowledge test.
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A P endorsement is required to drive a vehicle with seating for 16 or more passengers, including the driver. To apply, you must have an acceptable driving record up to this point (eg, no DWI, reckless driving, speeding, or other serious offenses). For this endorsement, you must pass a written knowledge test and a road skills test.
An H endorsement is required to drive a vehicle carrying varnished hazardous materials. To apply, you must be a US citizen, permanent resident, or have valid employment authorization. For this approval you must pass a written knowledge test.
A tank car, i.e. an N endorsement is required to operate a vehicle carrying liquids or gases in a tank. For this approval you must pass a written knowledge test.
An S endorsement is required to drive a school bus, but you must first obtain a P endorsement to use. If you commit offenses such as speeding or driving on the wrong side of the road, you may lose your S endorsement benefits. For this endorsement, you must pass a written knowledge test and a road skills test. Your state will also check you before the endorsement is issued.
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Endorsement X is a combined endorsement for H and N ie. which allows hazardous materials to be transported through the tank. To apply, you must meet the requirements set out in the H and N endorsement. For this approval you must pass a written knowledge test.
Your CDL comes with different types of restrictions. Each restriction prohibits the operation of certain CMVs. These restrictions are generally the same for all US states, but there may be additional restrictions depending on where you live.
Driving a CMV is difficult, so there are many different restrictions that you should be aware of.
Most of the restrictions below will be placed on your CDL because you completed the CDL driving skills test in a vehicle without the proper equipment. For example; If you pass your driving test in a CMV with an automatic transmission, you will receive an E restriction that prohibits you from operating a CMV with a manual transmission.
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Restriction E prohibits the driver from operating a CMV with a manual transmission. In other words, the driver only needs to drive a CMV with an automatic transmission.
Restriction F indicates that the driver can only operate CMVs with two exterior mirrors. It is placed on a driver who is physically unable to move his head, is legally blind in one eye, or is hard of hearing. Dual exterior mirrors help by showing a larger area around the vehicle.
The G restriction means that the driver can only operate the CMV during the day. The G restriction is imposed on drivers with low vision, generally less than 50/50 visual acuity in both eyes.
A K restriction is used by certain states when the applicant is under 21 years of age. This means that its owner only has a permit to drive within the state, ie. Means not to drive interstate. This restriction must be removed when the CDL holder turns 21.
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The L restriction is similar to the Z restriction in that both prohibit the driver from operating a CMV equipped with full air brakes. An L restriction is issued if you make an air brake system test error during a road skills test, fail to correctly identify air brake system components, or fail an air brake knowledge test.
The M restriction indicates that the driver can only drive class B and C school buses or passenger vehicles. It is issued to a licensed passenger/school bus driver using a Class B vehicle.
The N restriction indicates that the driver may only operate Class C school buses or passenger vehicles. It is installed on a driver who obtains a passenger/school bus endorsement using a Class C vehicle.
An O restriction restricts the driver from driving a CMV with fifth wheel contact. The O restriction is issued to drivers who pass the CDL road skills test using a CMV without a fifth wheel linkage or pint hitch.
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Limit V is issued to drivers with medical differences, such as vision or hearing impairment, epilepsy or diabetes, as reported by the FMCSA. If you have medical conditions that are not listed on your current driver’s license, you must go to your local DMV office with a copy of the Medical Examiner’s Certificate to amend your CDL.
The X restriction is only available to holders of a Commercial Learner’s Permit. This means that the tank car must be empty and the tank must be cleaned.
The A Z restriction prohibits the driver from operating a CMV equipped with full air brakes. Most CMVs are equipped with air brakes to increase braking efficiency, but you can still get this restriction if you pass your CDL road skills test with a CMV with a hydraulic brake system (and not an air brake system).
A B restriction is very common for people with less-than-adequate vision. This means that the driver must use corrective lenses or glasses while operating the CMV.
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The P restriction is only issued to holders of a Commercial Learner’s Permit. This means “no passengers other than the driver or other authorized persons (examiners or other trainees)”.