“student Loans And The Impact On Millennials’ Financial Health” – American families carry $1.6 trillion in student loan debt, a huge burden that accounts for nearly 8 percent of national income. That share has roughly doubled since the mid-2000s.

This week, Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) and some of his House colleagues unveiled a proposal that would cancel student loans for 45 million Americans and make public higher education free. The 2020 presidential hopeful said he would tax Wall Street, raising an estimated $2 trillion over 10 years, to pay for the plan. Without the benefit of his proposals or others, the idea raises a fundamental question: Is student loan debt good for the country’s economy?

“student Loans And The Impact On Millennials’ Financial Health”

Years of research show that post-college debt forces people to delay marriage and home ownership. It also hinders entrepreneurial and career paths. Here are seven key findings:

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A 2014 study found a link between female student loan repayment schedules and timing of marriage. A $1,000 increase in student loan debt, the researchers found, lowered the likelihood of marriage by 2 percent per month among female bachelor’s degree recipients in the first four years after graduation. These findings have been supported by more recent research showing similar trends.

Research has shown that marriage provides many economic benefits: For starters, married people, especially men, tend to earn more. And children raised in two-parent households tend to do better in adulthood.

A 2015 study by economists at the Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia found a “significant and economically meaningful negative correlation” between rising student loan debt and small business formation. The mechanism isn’t hard to understand: If you’re paying off student loans, you can’t raise the money you need to start a business.

The effect is significant: A one standard deviation increase in student debt translates into a decrease of 70 new small businesses per county – a decrease of about 14.4 percent. The authors note that small businesses are responsible for “approximately 60 percent of net labor activity in the US.”

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This year, the Federal Reserve released a report showing that student loan debt prevented about 400,000 young families from buying a home, about a quarter of the decline in home ownership rates in this demographic from 2005 to 2014. The obvious connection between loan payments and the ability to save for payments down, the researcher noted that the rise in education debt also increased the borrower’s risk of default, which can have a detrimental effect on the value of credit and the ability to qualify for a mortgage.

Another Federal Reserve report, this one from 2013, found that student loan debt jeopardizes the short-term financial health of households.

Most notably, it found that households with student debt had a lower average net worth ($42,800) than those without student debt ($117,700). More surprising, however, is the finding that the Great Recession took a bigger bite out of households with student loan debt: From 2007 to 2009, households with student loans saw 12.4 percent of their total value evaporate. The net worth of those with no loans fell 9.3 percent.

A 2018 study by the Center for Retirement Research at Boston College found that student debt doesn’t affect 401(k) participation rates, but it does affect the number of young workers who can afford it. “People with debt have only half as many assets at age 30 as people with no debt,” the report found.

Impact Of Student Debt

A 2017 working paper found that “students with debt are less ‘selective’ in the job market: They are more likely to accept part-time work and jobs that are less related to their degree and offer limited career potential.” higher education debt “reduces the likelihood that students will choose low-paying ‘public interest’ jobs.” New graduates with debt, in other words, seem to have a greater interest in paying off their loans than making the world a better place.

Some commentators have sought to mitigate concerns about rising student debt by pointing out that college degrees are associated with higher earnings and that, on net, a college education is still expensive.

However, progressive economists have recently begun to challenge this view. A 2018 Roosevelt Institute paper, for example, argues that researchers should account for wage stagnation across the board that has occurred since the 1970s. “To the extent that individuals see a boost in income based on college achievement, it’s only relative to falling wages for high school graduates.”

If a college degree was an optional ticket to a better life in 1970, in other words, today it’s more like a basic requirement for a living wage. The reason for this change is that the job market has become more concentrated, giving employers more leverage to demand more skills and training from their workers. A 2018 paper, for example, found that employers in concentrated labor markets “skill up” job postings by requiring a variety of skills and abilities that employers in less concentrated markets do not demand.

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So, while student loans were once limited to those pursuing graduate and professional programs to lock in careers with high earning potential, rising tuition and changes in the labor market “have made it difficult for many people to obtain a credential without debt,” according to report Roosevelt Institute. Rising student debt is one of the more painful aftershocks of the Great Recession. Millions of Americans lost their jobs and homes, while others lost much of their wealth. This decline in household wealth continues to drive the way families pay for higher education costs, often shifting the burden of paying for college from the family to the student. Every day, we hear from hundreds of borrowers about the impact of student loan debt on their daily lives.

We know that this debt burden continues to affect students of color. The Great Recession hit African-American and Latino communities the hardest, with many families seeing their prices nearly cut in half. This, combined with rising tuition and fees at public colleges and universities, and the growing number of students of color enrolled in for-profit schools, has had a major impact on the amount of debt that students and their families are carrying. to finance higher education. Recent research also further underscores the disproportionate impact of student debt on communities of color.

Federal government data shows that more than 90 percent of African-American and 72 percent of Latino students leave college with student loan debt, compared to 66 percent of white students and 51 percent of Asian-American students. While Asian-American students may be more likely to borrow federal student loans, separate research shows that Asian-American students who must borrow more than $30,000 may be more likely to rely on private student loans to finance their higher education loans. which offers less consumer protection to borrowers.

With this in mind, we continually engage and hear from a variety of stakeholders, including researchers, consumer advocates, and the civil rights and labor communities to discuss the impact of student loan debt. Here are some things we’ve heard:

Student Loan Debt Elimination

The economic barriers that communities of color face when paying for higher education underscore the importance of continued efforts to make the student loan market better for borrowers. It also reinforces the importance of the Bureau’s work over the past few years to identify risks and eliminate illegal practices in the market. In 2012, we highlighted the impact that certain eligibility criteria used by private student lenders can have for students of color. Most recently, we have targeted poor student loan servicing practices and student loan fraud. We are committed to continuing our work to make the student loan market safe for all borrowers and to ensure that all borrowers get the help they need to manage their student loans.

We want to hear from you, too — be sure to tell us your story and share your experiences with student loan debt.

Every federal student loan borrower has the right to a repayment plan based on their income even if they are struggling to pay off their debt. If you’re having trouble managing your student loan debt, visit our Student Loan tool to learn more about your repayment options or check out the CFPB’s frequently asked questions about student loans. If you have a problem with your student loan or with your servicer (the company that sends you your monthly student loan bill), you can file a complaint. the effect of student debt. For example, there are important questions about the financial vulnerability of student borrowers and whether a large student loan payment burden can reduce or delay a borrower’s ability to purchase a home or finance other investments. However, there are also potential benefits of debt. In particular, access to student loans can allow students with financial constraints to finance investments in education that they otherwise would not be able to afford. This tension raises the question of whether students are better off if they can borrow more money

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