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Everyone who opens a trading account with a broker encounters the problem of term margin. Depending on the type of market, the name may vary. In Forex, concepts such as free margin and equity are mainly used. In the stock market, they are called balance and collateral.

Margin Calls In Forex Trading: San Antonio Attorney Solutions

Margin Calls In Forex Trading: San Antonio Attorney Solutions

However, the names are not so important. Regardless of the financial markets, everyone needs to study these concepts because trading results largely depend on margin levels.

What Is Forex Trading?

Trading margin is the portion of funds in a trader’s account that provides security for one or more open trades. In other words, forex margin is part of the amount needed to open a trade. If the used margin exceeds the deposit amount, the broker will not allow you to open it.

The margin value determines the maximum leverage that can be used for trading. Therefore, trading using leverage is called margin trading.

Forex brokers mainly need margin to ensure that traders have their own funds to pay for the trade. The lower the leverage, the higher the Forex margin required and vice versa. In markets where trading is done with minimal leverage, margin requirements are often determined by deposit size.

Forex margin is part of the total amount of money in the account. It is calculated using the following formula:

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For example, you decide to buy one lot of EURUSD. The current trading price is 1.1030 and the leverage offered by the forex broker is 1:100. In this case, the formula will look like this:

Therefore, to participate in trading with this lot, you must have at least 1,103 USD in your account.

If there is not enough money in your account, you can solve the problem by increasing leverage or reducing trading volume. Let’s increase the leverage to 1:500.

Margin Calls In Forex Trading: San Antonio Attorney Solutions

The amount of collateral required is reduced by a factor of 5. As trading volume decreases, margin requirements will similarly decrease.

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The concept of free margin cannot be separated from the concept of margin. Free margin is money in a margin account that is not involved in trading and can be used for trading or withdrawals. In other words, Forex free margin is an indicator of the amount of money in the account that can be used to open additional trades. If there are no open trades on the account, Forex free margin will be equal to balance and equity.

Free margin is an important indicator. Experienced traders only spend when absolutely necessary. If the free margin level in the Forex market approaches zero, the trading account is in a dangerous position. In this case, brokers can use margin calls to prevent losses.

Free margin is a portion of the remaining funds in the account after opening a trade. It is calculated according to the formula:

Calculate the free margin when buying one lot of EURUSD. Let’s say the trading account balance is 5,000 USD. The current exchange price of the asset is 1.1030 and the leverage offered by the broker is 1:100. Therefore, the formula will look like this:

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This example shows how to calculate free margin without considering open trades and other fees on the trading account. To get a more accurate value, you need information about open trades.

For example, before opening a trade, you had another open trading position, which brought in a profit of 100 USD. In this case, the equity indicator will not be equal to the trading account balance. Therefore, first it is necessary to calculate equity:

Let’s find out where margin and free margin parameters are displayed when trading Forex using a real trading example.

Margin Calls In Forex Trading: San Antonio Attorney Solutions

I opened a one-lot EURUSD trade (see screenshot above). Since the leverage is 1:200, the required collateral or foreign exchange margin is 552.37 USD. Since the trade is open and uses margin, it means that there is also free margin. This is the third indicator, equal to 3,888.16 – 552.37 = 3,335.80 USD.

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In addition to the two main indicators, margin and free margin, there is also an additional margin level indicator. This is the ratio of account funds to deposit amount, expressed as a percentage.

In other words, margin level is the ratio of equity to deposit usage. It is also known as maximum deposit load. Margin level indicates how much the trading account is funded with open trades.

According to this calculation, we can conclude that the trading account is not heavily funded and could open some more trades. However, if you lose money quickly, the rate will decrease. The moment it reaches 100% it will mean the amount is equal to the deposit amount. Then you will not be able to open new trades and soon you will receive a margin call. To avoid this, don’t forget to use stop loss orders.

Margin calls were mentioned several times in the article. Let’s find out what it is. In addition to margin calls, there are also stop levels. Since beginners often confuse them, let’s talk about their differences.

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A margin call is a signal to the broker that the trader’s trading account is overloaded and the forex margin has reached a critical value. If you do not add free funds to your trading account, opened trades will be forcibly closed.

Stop trading is used to force brokers to close trades (starting with the least profitable trade) when the margin reaches a certain level. Once this operation is complete, the closed trades will release the margin amount. If the indicator returns above the threshold value, the transaction closure will be complete.

Each broker has its own margin calls and stop out levels. Traders must understand that brokers risk their own money by providing leverage. If they do not limit losses promptly, they may suffer losses. To avoid reaching these levels, leave more free margin in your account.

Margin Calls In Forex Trading: San Antonio Attorney Solutions

Successful traders must clearly understand the difference between margin, free margin and equity. Trading results largely depend on this.

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Margin in Forex trading is the main risk indicator. The higher the amplitude, the less room there is to maneuver in an emergency.

Free margin is an indicator of a trading account’s flexibility. The more free money there is, the higher the chance that things can be fixed in a dire situation.

Money or equity is an indicator of the total amount of money available in the account. When trading is profitable, the equity increases and, accordingly, the free Forex margin. In the event of a loss, the equity will decrease, reducing the free margin.

Forex margin depends on the number and volume of open trades. If there are few trades and they are opened in small volumes then the margin will be small. If there are many trades opened and they are opened in large volumes then the margin level will be high, which can lead to account loss.

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Free margin is a reserve of free funds on a trading account. Free margin in the foreign exchange market depends directly on the amount of money in the account. If equity increases due to profit generation, the free rate of return will also increase. If equity decreases, free margin will also decrease.

If the margin balance drops to 0, you will not be able to open new trades. Forex transactions have a value, i.e. an amount of money required to open them. If the available margin is lower than what is required to open a new trade, the broker will not allow it to be opened.

Free margin can only become negative if the margin of the trader’s open trades exceeds the equity. In other words, traders take losses and the only thing they can do is close them, releasing their margin. Otherwise, an outage will occur.

Margin Calls In Forex Trading: San Antonio Attorney Solutions

There are three ways to increase free margin. First, add new funds to your trading account. Second, close one or more trades. Third, create counting positions for identical instruments, often called locks.

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The best leverage level is the level that you feel comfortable with when trading Forex. If you are willing to take risks and want to make quick profits, leverage from 1:50 to 1:100 will suit you. If you are a cautious trader and are willing to wait longer for profits, do not use leverage above 1:10.

The best margin is one that allows you to make a few more tries if you fail. For conservative trading, the margin level should not exceed 15% of equity. When trading actively, the margin can range from 30% to 60% of equity.

Forex margin is calculated as the ratio between trading volume and leverage. You simply divide the contract value of a particular instrument by the leverage level.

The margin level for safe trading must always exceed 100%. If you don’t want to risk, keep the margin level

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